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NATIVE AMERICAN PICTURES
This page features some rare photos of famous indigenous people in American history, including the world's only AUTHENTIC photo of Crazy Horse.
Until recently, no photo of Crazy Horse was known to exist among many thousand documented Native American Pictures.
The only known image of him was a sketch based on a description given by his sister, many years after his death.
However, an original photo (scanned image partially shown below) was purchased in a group of four Native American Pictures on ebay in March of 2010.
The photo was given to descendants of Crazy Horse's family on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.
All who are curious are encouraged to call the rez and inquire.
THIS PHOTO APPEARS IN A RECENTLY PUBLISHED BIOGRAPHY CALLED
now available from Ishi Press in paperback format, or as an e-book on Amazon.
Visit the link above, or click on the image below, to view the sacred image of Crazy Horse.
Crazy Horse (1843-1877) was an Oglala Lakota hunter/warrior from the north Midwestern plains. His Lakota name was Tashunke Witko, which literally means "Horse Enchanted," but was long ago mistranslated into Crazy Horse.
Although familiar to most people as the man who defeated Custer's army, Crazy Horse is, in the opinion of countless followers, among the greatest of all heroes. His unwavering loyalty, humility, self-sacrifice and bravery made him a Christ-like figure in the eyes of the multitudes who adore him.
ABOVE (UPPER): Authenticated photo of Crazy Horse.
ABOVE (LOWER): A sketch of Crazy Horse, based on a description given by his younger sister.
This image is known to be Crazy Horse for the following reasons, among others:
1) The age and style of the photo indicates that it was taken by Alexander Gardner near Fort Laramie in 1872. Gardner photographed several notable Oglala men at that place and time.
2) Crazy Horse is rumored to have been photographed near Fort Laramie in 1872, at the urging of two acquaintances (Frank Grouard and Little Bat).
3) The man in the photo closely matches all physical descriptions of Crazy Horse (light hair, light complexion, slight build, short-to-medium height, very intense eyes, down-turned mouth, scar on the left side of his face).
4) The man in the photo does not appear in any other known photos.
5) The man in the photo bears a remarkable resemblance to the man in the sketch.
6) The man in the photo bears a remarkable resemblance to Fast Thunder, a first cousin to Crazy Horse.
Big Foot (1832?-1890), shown here with his wife, was the leader of the Miniconjou Lakota band massacred at Wounded Knee Creek on December 29, 1890. He was also a cousin of Crazy Horse. Photo is by Alexander Gardner, who was known for his Native American Pictures of Lakota people.
Gall (1840-1894), shown here in a photo from 1872, was a Hunkpapa Lakota Chief. Following the Custer battle in 1876, he fled with Sitting Bull into Canada, but returned in 1880. Soon after, he surrendered and settled on the Standing Rock reservation.
Gall appears in only a few existing Native American Pictures.
Geronimo (1829–1909) was a great leader and medicine man of the Chiricahua Apache tribe. Born in present-day Arizona, he fought against Mexico and the United States, cleverly evading capture for decades. He spent many years imprisoned in Florida, where he was forced into hard labor.
Famous in his later years, he made a comfortable living from public appearances and selling his autograph. Geronimo died at the age of 79, shortly after falling from his horse.
Geronimo is the subject of more Native American Pictures than any other 19th century American Indian.
Chief Joseph (1840–1904) was a compassionate chief of the Wallowa band of Nez Perce, in and around Idaho. He is famous for his humanitarianism and leadership skills, as well as his ability to read, write and speak English. His Nez Perce name was Hinmuuttu-yalatlat, which means "Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain."
In the fall of 1877, following many years of resistance, Joseph and other chiefs led 800 Nez Perce people toward Canada, in a last-ditch attempt to escape from the U.S. Military and live in freedom. In three months, they had traveled 1,600 miles through Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana, with 2,000 U.S. soldiers in hot pursuit. The Nez Perce were finally forced to surrender, less than 40 miles from the Canadian border.
Many Native American Pictures feature Chief Joseph.
Pocahontas (1595-1617) was a beloved daughter of a powerful Chief named Powhattan, in what is now the state of Virginia. She became famous after befriending an English explorer named John Smith. Pocahontas was a tremendous help to the early settlers, providing much-needed information, and bringing enough food to rescue them from starvation.
In 1616, Pocahontas set sail for England on a trip to promote the Virginia Company and to recruit new settlers. She was received by royalty and treated as a Princess. In 1617, while preparing for her long trip home, Pocahontas became violently ill and died. The cause of her death remains unknown.
Quanah Parker (1852–1911) was the last of the pre-reservation Comanche chiefs, and a leader in the Native American Church. His father was Comanche chief Peta Nocona, and his mother was Cynthia Ann Parker, a European American, who had been captured at the age of nine and adopted into the tribe. Quanah Parker later became a wealthy rancher, and was influential in both Comanche and European American society. He had five wives and 25 children.
Red Cloud (1822-1909) was a noted Oglala Lakota war leader, who later became instrumental in the hopeless task of helping his people transition to reservation life. He was also a renowned orator, whose speeches are well remembered today. He spent much of his time negotiating with the U.S. Government, often with disappointing results. He was an extremely political man, and has been implicated in masterminding the events that led to the murder of Crazy Horse. Red Cloud died on the Pine Ridge Reservation at the age of 87.
Sitting Bull (1831-1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota Chief and Holy Man, who led his people in the resistance movement against the U.S. Government. He played a major role in the victory against Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Big Horn.
For ten months following the battle, he remained hiding, along with Crazy Horse and his band, in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
In May of 1877, as Crazy Horse entered the Agency with his band, Sitting Bull led his people across the Canadian border. There they stayed until 1881, when hunger and cold finally forced Sitting Bull and his band to return to the United States and surrender.
In 1890, Sitting Bull was shot to death while resisting an unjust arrest at the Standing Rock Agency. His death set off a chain of events that led to the Wounded Knee Massacre two weeks later.
Many Native American Pictures depict Sitting Bull.
Spotted Tail (1823-1881) was a Brulé, Lakota tribal leader, and an uncle of Crazy Horse. Although a scrappy warrior in his younger years, Spotted Tail later became known as a spokesman for peaceful negotiations with the Whites. He was a man of high intelligence who valued formal education. Spotted Tail headed the Spotted Tail Agency, which later became (and is today) known as the Rosebud Indian Reservation in South Dakota.
Despite all of this, Spotted Tail alienated many among the Sioux, who found him lacking in loyalty, and believed he was involved in the murder of Crazy Horse. In 1881, Spotted Tail was shot and killed by a Brulé Lakota named Crow Dog, for reasons that were never made clear.
Touch the Clouds (1838-1905) was a Minneconjou Lakota Chief, known for his bravery, diplomacy, strength, and especially height. He assumed leadership of his band in 1875, following the death of his father. After his own death, the role of chief was passed down to his son, Amos Charging First.
Touch the Clouds always maintained a close friendship with Crazy Horse, who was his cousin. The gun in his left hand in this photo appears to be the same gun held by Crazy Horse in the photo above.
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