Sioux History and Dates of American Statehood


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This page features points in Sioux history as they coincided with the founding dates of U.S. states.


Shown below is a visual collection of early American flags.


The image above is America's first flag, known as the Grand Union flag, designed and created in 1777, soon after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.


Subsequent flags show stars to represent states, and most have 13 red and white alternating stripes, to represent the original 13 colonies.


Scroll down for a list of all 50 states, ranked in order of the date each state was founded.


For Native American history, culture, flags and photos, visit any of the links shown on this page.

 


 

STATE NAME  ...... FOUNDING DATE

 

1. DELAWARE ......... December 7, 1787

2. PENNSYLVANIA ... December 12, 1787

3. NEW JERSEY ....... December 18, 1787

4. CONNECTICUT ....... January 9, 1788

5. GEORGIA ............... January 2, 1788

6. MASSACHUSETTS ...  February 6, 1788

7. MARYLAND ............. April 28, 1788

8. SOUTH CAROLINA ... May 23, 1788

9. NEW HAMPSHIRE ..... June 21, 1788

10. VIRGINIA .............. June 25, 1788

11. NEW YORK ............ July 26, 1788

 

The people of early Sioux History referred to years as winters, measured them from the first snow of one year to the first snow of the following year, and named each one for an important event that took place during that time. Among one Lakota tribe, the time of the induction of America's first eleven states was known only as Left-the-Heyoka-Man-Behind Winter.

 

12. NORTH CAROLINA ..... November 21, 1789

13. RHODE ISLAND ......... May 29, 1790

14. VERMONT ................. March 4, 1791



15. KENTUCKY .......... June 1, 1792

16. TENNESSEE ........ June 1, 1796

17. OHIO ................. March 1, 1803

18. LOUISIANA ........ April 30, 1812

19. INDIANA ............ December 11, 1816

20. MISSISSIPPI ....... December 10, 1817

21. ILLINOIS ............  December 3, 1818

22. ALABAMA  ........... December 14, 1819

23. MAINE ................ March 15, 1820

24. MISSOURI ........... August 10, 1821

25. ARKANSAS .......... June 15, 1836

26. MICHIGAN ........... January 26, 1837

 

According to Sioux History, this year was known as Fight-on-the-Ice Winter, in reference to a slippery but successful battle with the Pawnees on the frozen Platte River.

 

27. FLORIDA ............. March 3, 1845

28. TEXAS ................ December 29, 1845

29. IOWA ................. December 28, 1846

 

To one Sioux tribe, this year became known as Broke-Out-on-Faces-Had-Sore-Throats Winter.

 

30. WISCONSIN ............... May 29, 1848

31. CALIFORNIA ............... September 9, 1850

32. MINNESOTA ................ May 11, 1858

33. OREGON ..................... February 14, 1859

 

1858-1859 was called Many-Navajo-Blankets Winter by one calendar keeper. Made-Peace-With-The-Pawnees Winter by another. 

34. KANSAS ...................... January 29, 1861

35. WEST VIRGINIA ........... June 20, 1863

36. NEVADA ...................... October 31, 1864

37. NEBRASKA ................... March 1, 1867

 

Among the Sioux this span of time was known as They-Killed-100-White-Men-At-Fort-Phil-Kearney Winter.

 

38. COLORADO ................... August 1, 1876

 

Colorado became a state just a few weeks after the Custer Battle took place. No more states were founded for another thirteen years.

 

39. MONTANA ............ November 8, 1889

40. NORTH DAKOTA .... November 2, 1889

41. SOUTH DAKOTA ...  November 2, 1889

42. WASHINGTON ......  November 11, 1889

43. IDAHO ................  July 3, 1890

44. WYOMING ............ July 10, 1890

 

Six states joined the Union in only eight months. Sadly, this was followed five months later with the death of Sitting Bull and the Wounded Knee Massacre. By this time, only one Lakota Winter Count calendar still was kept.

Long Soldier's Winter count shows a drawing of Sitting Bull's cabin, the place where he was killed while resisting an unjust arrest.

 

45. UTAH .................... January 4, 1896

46. OKLAHOMA ............ November 16, 1907

47. ARIZONA ............... February 14, 1912

48. NEW MEXICO ......... January 6, 1912

49 ALASKA .................. January 3, 1959

50. HAWAII ................. August 21, 1959

 



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